What does CBD broad spectrum mean?
When we break down the components of the cannabis plant it is made up of a fascinating array of beneficial components. Whilst CBD has been under the spotlight it actually forms part of a much larger therapeutic family. This includes many other cannabinoids alongside terpenes and phytochemicals. As with all thinking in herbal medicine, the many parts of the plant provide maximum benefit when working together. In other words, CBD works best in synergy with all components captured through a broad spectrum extract. Broad spectrum does not contain trace elements of THC (the psychoactive part of the cannabis plant). When an oil is full spectrum, trace elements of THC may be present. So a broad spectrum extract contains CBD (cannabidiol) alongside all its cannabinoid and non-cannabinoid cousins that play their part in enhancing the benefits of the oil.
Inside our plant family cannabis extract.
Lets start with the best known cannabinoid of this time. On discovery of the human endocannabinoid system it was found that CB1 and CB2 receptors in this system bind with Phyto cannabinoids such as CBD. The resulting effect contributes to homeostasis, the balancing of our systems responsible for sleep, stress, pain and inflammatory response.
CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid)
Found in the raw plant, CBDA becomes CBD when heated (decarboxylated). Both compounds are non-psychoactive. Recent research shows that CBDA has significant benefits owing to its interaction with COX2 enzymes and that it works similarly to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, without damage to the stomach, liver or kidneys. CBDA is thought to be anti-inflammatory, anti-nausea, antioxidant, anti-proliferative, anti-bacterial/anti-microbial and pain relieving.
First isolated by Israeli scientists in the 1960’s alongside THC, CBG was first thought to have no therapeutic benefit. However, CBG binds to CB2 receptors and initial research indicates it has significant anti-inflammatory properties, in particular with the gut. Promising studies have been conducted on inflammatory bowel disease and colitis. Overall it is considered to have significant benefit in chronic inflammatory conditions.